Overcoming Depression: Here Are Types | Symptoms | Prevention & Treatment




Depression! Sometimes referred to as clinical depression or depressive disorder has become very alarming in recent years.

Depression is a mind-set or mood problem that causes a continuous feeling of emotional bitterness and loss of intrigue. Affecting both your mental and psychological health.

You may experience difficulty or reluctance in carrying out your daily activities. Individuals with depressive disorder sometimes feel that life is not worth living.

But it doesn’t have to be that way.

Having the right information will help you feel a lot better. Also, with the availability of psychotherapy treatments and drugs, dealing with depression becomes a lot easier.

According to popular studies, about 1 every 3 individuals usually encounters a certain level of depression at some phase in their lives. Though most instances of the illness are mild, around 1 in 10 individuals will experience a moderate or extreme form of depression. Making it quite a common disorder.

depressed man


Types of Depression

There are generally 3 most common types of this illness. And they are;


  1. Seasonal Depression

In this type of depressive disorder, the state of your mind or your emotion is usually controlled by seasonal and occasional changes. Otherwise known as a seasonal depressive disorder.

The condition happens in up to 5 percent of the U.S. populace in a given year. An individual’s geography and location from the equator plays a major role in this issue. In most cases, ladies are affected in this situation – 4 out of every 5 individuals affected in this case are ladies.


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2. Post-pregnancy Depression

Another type of depression is known as postnatal depression. This type of depressive disorder is experienced by new moms. As much as 80 percent of new moms experience “postnatal depression” and some of its signs include emotional changes, mood swings, bitterness, and fatigue. In most cases, these signs last for about 14 days.

Hormonal changes during labor, not having enough rest, pressures of dealing with a new baby, are some of the most likely causes of the postnatal depressive disorder. Symptoms are not meant to last for more than 2 or 3 weeks.

Extra symptoms may include withdrawal, absence of hunger, and a negative line of reasoning. As indicated by the American Psychological Association, around 10 to 15 percent of U.S. ladies display a depressive scene within 3 months of childbirth. One out of five new moms experience minor depressive scenes, and about 10 percent of new fathers may experience this condition, as well.

This condition if persistent can be very dangerous for both the parent and the baby. As a result, efforts for therapy or treatment should be made immediately.


3. Psychotic Depression

At the point when significant depression or bipolar issues are joined by mind flights, paranoia, hallucinations, or delusions, it’s called major depressive disorder issues with psychotic features. Statistics show that around 25 percent of patients who are admitted to an emergency clinic because of depression have psychotic depression disorder.


Signs and Symptoms of Depression

Psychological Symptoms:

  • Feeling of hopelessness.
  • No intrigue and lack of interest to participate in usual activities.
  • Wasteful intuition, lack of focus.
  • Constant negative thoughts negativity.
  • Negative thoughts of being better dead than alive, or of hurting yourself.

Physical Symptoms:

  • Loss of hunger with inordinate loss of weight.
  • Loss of enthusiasm for sex.
  • Little or no energy to do work as of before.
  • Lack of sleep even when you feel exhausted.
  • Eased of activity and speech.


The above-mentioned signs are warning features of depression, and can also be pointers to some other disorders. So you have to display at least 5 of theses signs to be suffering from a depressive disorder.


Risk factors

Inasmuch as one can witness depression at any age, in most cases, it is usually experienced by adolescents,  individuals in their 20s or 30s. And in terms of gender, a greater percentage of depressive disorders are recorded in women more than men.

Factors/Situations that seem to increase the risk of developing or triggering depression include:

  • Certain characteristics, for example, low self-confidence or self-esteem.
  • Horrible or unpleasant occasions, for example, physical or sexual abuse, the demise of a friend or family member, a troublesome or unfavorable relationship, or monetary issues.
  • Being lesbian, gay, androgynous or transgender, or having varieties in the development of genital organs that are not male or female.
  • History of other psychological well-being issues, for example, uneasiness issues, dietary problems, etc.
  • Abuse and excessive intake of alcohol or certain medications.
  • Recurring illnesses.
  • Certain drugs, for example, some hypertension prescriptions or sleeping pills.


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Coping With The Symptoms Of Depression

This disorder comes with its signs and symptoms. Understanding and managing these signs can assist you with feeling much better. Here are a few different ways to manage these symptoms.

Behavioral Strategies:

  • Set your objectives for all your activities for each day. Plan and make a rundown of all the various activities you will engage in at various times of the day, and stick to the plan as strictly as you can.
  • Make sure to engage in only those activities you enjoy the most.
  • Quit comparing yourself now versus when you were not depressed.
  • Recognize and appreciate yourself for every little progress made towards recovery. As recovering from depression is almost similar to learning how to walk again if you break your leg, both you and the people around you must praise and appreciate every little effort made towards recovery.
  • Remember to not be overwhelmed by the big tasks. Separate them into smaller tasks. You will get more done this way.

Loss of appetite

  • Try eating smaller portions of those meals that you particularly love. Also, take your time and do not feel as if you are under any form of pressure to finish if you are eating with others. Drink plenty of water as well.

Loss of interest in sex

  • Look for those nonsexual activities that you enjoy, and participate in them with your partner. Also make your partner understand that your lack of interest in sex is a side effect of your depression, and does not have anything to do with him or her.

Unpleasant feelings or thoughts

  • Make a rundown of about 3 of your most exciting experiences. Always have the rundown with you, and read it to yourself each time the feeling of negative thoughts come around. Your partner could also assist in figuring out what these experiences are.
  • Keep an everyday record of all the little lovely things that occurred during the day. And talk about these things with your partner.
  • Always reminisce about exciting events that happened in the past. And also plan wonderful events and outings for the future.
  • Keep yourself engaged in doing useful activities. No not always sit or lie idle.



How To Deal With Depression

Are some ways of dealing with depression. Note that the various ways of dealing with depressive disorders can be used independently or in conjunction with each other.

However, education and other coping strategies are also very important, and worth learning when dealing with depression.


Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT is one of the most amazing treatments and effective treatment strategies. It can be very effective alone or in conjunction with medication. CBT is a very effective technique, and about 80% of individuals with fair, moderate, or critical depression will usually recover. It involves learning to:

  1. control the negative thoughts that are associated with depression;
  2. fight every feeling of dejection and hopelessness, and; loss of vitality to engage in activities.
  3. deal with any negative thoughts of committing suicide or not being able to concentrate.

CBT is usually recommended if:

  • The depression is mild, moderate, or severe.
  • The person had previously responded positively to CBT.
  • A well trained and competent specialist in CBT is available.
  • There is a medical contraindication to taking medications.
  • The depressed person prefers CBT.



It is advisable to try out some other techniques for managing depression before trying out medication. But for some aggressive depressive disorders, medications might be the first line of treatment.

Antidepressant prescriptions are usually prescribed. Because they work differently, you might need to try out different ones to find out which goes well with you. It is however very important you consult your health care provider for guidelines on how to use various prescriptions.

Some things to remember when taking antidepressant medication are:

  • Take the medicine day by day (as recommended by a specialist).
  • Take the medication until you fully recover.
  • If you notice any side effects, contact your health care provider immediately.
  • Take the medication as prescribed, and for the number of days prescribed.


Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

Several pieces of research have found electroconvulsive therapy also known as Electroshock therapy to be very effective in dealing with severe depression or bipolar disorder. ECT involves electrically stimulating the brain while the person is under anesthesia. This technique is usually administered by professional medical personnel.

Though a very effective and fast means of dealing with depression, ECT in some cases is usually associated with memory loss as side effects.

ECT is the recommended form of treatment if:

  • there are medical contraindications to medication.
  • there are suicidal intents or refusal to eat;
  • CBT or medication or a combination of both did not work in the past.
  • the person previously responded positively to ECT;
  • somatic symptoms are prominent;
  • psychotic symptoms are present;



Just like everything in life, proper knowledge of a situation will help us understand and deal with it effectively. And educating yourself is a sure means of gaining proper knowledge on any matter. This is particularly true when dealing with depression.

Always research and seek more knowledge on how to deal with the situation. The following are important take ways:

  • Depression is an illness, not a sign of weakness or a character defect.
  • Recovery is the main aim, not the exclusion or relegation.
  • There are several treatments available that are very effective. All you have to do is figure out which one works best for you.
  • The goal of treatment is to get completely well and stay well.
  • Even though a lot of treatments are effective, the rate of reoccurrence is high in some cases.
  • The person and the family can be proactive enough to seek out early warning signs of depression. By beginning treatment/prevention early enough, the severity of the illness will be highly reduced.


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When to see a doctor

If you feel depressed or you know someone going through depression, arrange to see your primary care physician or emotional wellness coach when you can. If you feel not too willing to go see a doctor, discussing with your partner, friend, a spiritual director, or anyone you trust can be a great alternative as well.



Depression is a very common treatable disorder. With help, the correct treatment, and a strong knowledge of the disorder, you can defeat depression.

Thank you for reading. Please feel free to drop a comment below if you feel there are some tips that might be helpful to readers as well. Thanks!

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